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有机肥的五大营养作用(中英对照)

   日期:2021-09-22     浏览:33    评论:0    
核心提示:1、直接参与植物新陈代谢。植物可以直接吸收简单糖类、氨基酸、腐殖酸等有机物,这些有机物直接参与到植物内部转化、代谢、合成

1、直接参与植物新陈代谢。植物可以直接吸收简单糖类、氨基酸、腐殖酸等有机物,这些有机物直接参与到植物内部转化、代谢、合成等生物化学过程。

It is directly involved in plant metabolism. Plants can directly absorb simple sugars, amino acids, humic acids and other organic compounds, which are directly involved in the transformation, metabolism, synthesis and other biochemical processes in plants.

2、提高矿物质元素有效性和肥料利用率。腐殖酸中大量的有机酸类等,使土壤中难溶性矿物质养分转成可溶,有利于同亲脂性和细胞膜亲和,提高矿物质营养元素的有效性。

Improve the availability of mineral elements and fertilizer utilization. A large number of organic acids in humic acid make insoluble mineral nutrients in soil soluble, which is conducive to affinity with lipophilicity and cell membrane, and improve the availability of mineral nutrients.

3、提高作物抗性。腐殖酸中水溶性多糖可调节植物细胞质浓度,降低冰点使植物抗寒,生物碱、酸类物质抵御或杀灭病原菌和有害昆虫,增强植物抗病虫能力。

improve crop resistance. The water-soluble polysaccharide in humic acid can regulate the concentration of plant cytoplasm, reduce the freezing point and make plants cold resistant. Alkaloids and acids can resist or kill pathogenic bacteria and harmful insects and enhance the ability of plant resistance to diseases and insects.

4、激活、增加土壤有益微生物。腐殖酸为土壤微生物提供了充足的营养,使土壤微生物种群和数量增加。

Activate and increase soil beneficial microorganisms. Humic acid provides sufficient nutrition for soil microorganism, and increases the population and quantity of soil microorganism.

5、改善土壤理化性质。腐殖酸中的活性有机物和土壤矿物质形成有机胶体,促使土壤团粒结构形成,可全面改善土壤水、肥、气、热状况。

Improve soil physical and chemical properties. The active organic matter in humic acid and soil minerals form organic colloid, which promotes the formation of soil aggregate structure, and can comprehensively improve the soil water, fertilizer, gas and heat conditions.

 
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